Powered industrial trucks (referred to as PITs or forklifts) are used in numerous work settings, primarily to load and unload materials. Forklift overturns are the leading cause of fatalities involving forklifts and they represent about 25% of all forklift-related deaths. The case studies examined by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) indicate that the forklift, the factory environment, and actions of the operator can all contribute to fatal incidents involving forklifts. In addition, these fatalities indicate that many employees and employers are not using or may be unaware of safety procedures and the proper use of forklifts to reduce the risk of injury and death. For additional information on this fatality data, see Preventing Injuries and Deaths of Workers Who Operate or Work Near Forklifts (US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Publication No. 2001-109 (June 2001).
The Link below is a link to OSHA’s standard daily checklists that are intended to assist in providing training on OSHA’s powered industrial truck operator standards. They are not a substitute for any of the provisions of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 or for any standards issued by the U.S. Department of Labor’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). OSHA wishes to acknowledge that this checklist and related graphics was developed in cooperation with the Industrial Truck Association as part of the OSHA-ITA Alliance.
The OSHA standard for powered industrial truck training [29 CFR 1910.178(l)] requires that an employer provide training to truck operators on a variety of topics. Among these topics are vehicle inspection and maintenance that the operator will be required to perform. The following checklists are being provided as part of OSHA’s ongoing effort to assist employers and employees in ensuring that a safe and healthful workplace is provided. The lists serve as a guide only and may not be totally inclusive. Each type of powered industrial truck is unique and checklists pertinent to each type of vehicle should be modified accordingly. It is recommended that the manufacturer’s instructions on vehicle maintenance and owner’s and operator’s responsibilities also be consulted. The OSHA standards for powered industrial trucks must be reviewed to ensure compliance.
There are two general types of powered industrial trucks: electric (battery) powered and internal combustion engine (gas/LPG/diesel) powered. Each of these general types has a variety of different configurations and attachments. Your workplace may have a variety of trucks that are being operated. ALL OPERATORS MUST BE TRAINED TO OPERATE ALL TYPE OF INDUSTRIAL TRUCKS THEY WILL BE OPERATING.
Daily, pre-shift inspection of powered industrial trucks is required by OSHA standards.
Listed below are the major types of industrial trucks and some of the most common variations.
Electric Motor Powered Industrial Trucks
Stand-up End Control Rider
Narrow Aisle Reach
Narrow Aisle High Lift Straddle
Narrow Aisle Order Picker
Narrow Aisle Sideloader Platform
Narrow Aisle Sideloader High Lift Pallet
Narrow Aisle Turret
Narrow Aisle Low Lift Platform
Walkie Platform Low Lift
Walkie Pallet Low Lift
Walkie Pallet High Lift
Internal Combustion Engine Powered Industrial Trucks – Gas/LPG/Diesel
Counterbalanced Forklift Gas/LPG Cushion Tire
Counterbalanced Forklift Gas/LPG/Diesel Pneumatic Tire
Tow Tractor Gas/LPG/Diesel
Rough Terrain Forklift Gas/LPG/Diesel Vertical Mast
Daily checklists for each type of industrial truck are available from the truck manufacturer. You may choose to use a checklist for each type of industrial truck in your workplace or compile one that can be used for any type of truck.
Refer to the owner’s manual, specifications and manufacturer’s recommendations to modify the checklist for trucks being operated in your workplace. Below are sample checklists for internal combustion and electric trucks. These lists can be modified to suit your workplace needs.
Click the link to open the OSHA’s Operator’s Daily Checklist Below.
If you need a checklists for your specific truck type, training, service, repair and or assistance with your powered industrial trucks, please contact King Repair today to schedule an appointment.
You may also be interested in a few other helpful links to OSHA’s Site
NOTE: ALL OPERATORS MUST BE TRAINED AND EVALUATED ON THE TYPES OF INDUSTRIAL TRUCKS AND ATTACHMENTS THEY WILL BE OPERATING.